News: Institute of Physics

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P4F: Seeking 30 exceptional researchers for 2-year fellowships

Thu, 07/09/2023 - 13:15
FZU has just launched the first call of Physics for Future (P4F) MSCA COFUND Action designed for a new generation of physicists, allowing them to execute their own bottom-up research projects. P4F also offers an opportunity for an integrated blend of advanced scientific, transferable, and soft skill training. 
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Czech scientists continue to push the boundaries of imaging techniques and reveal the mysterious world of molecules

Tue, 29/08/2023 - 09:00
Scientists from the Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, the Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, and Palacký University Olomouc, have once again successfully uncovered the mysteries of the world of molecules and atoms. They have experimentally confirmed the correctness of a decades-old theory that assumed a non-uniform distribution of electron density in aromatic molecules. This phenomenon significantly affects the physicochemical properties of molecules and their interactions. This research expands the possibilities for designing new nanomaterials and is the theme of a paper that has just been published in Nature Communications.
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Utilizing magnetism & other principles to enhance thermoelectric properties

Thu, 17/08/2023 - 17:01
Development of thermoelectric (TE) materials is important, for energy saving via waste heat power generation [1], and IoT power sources [2]. For high TE performance, we must find ways to overcome the traditional tradeoffs between the properties, namely, between Seebeck coefficient S and electrical conductivity s, and between the electrical and thermal conductivity k [3].
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Exploring the Frontiers of Physics: National Sun Yat-Sen University's Visit to the Institute of Physics

Fri, 28/07/2023 - 11:08
Professor Chien-Cheng Kuo and a group of 14 talented students from the National Sun Yat-Sen University in Taiwan recently embarked on an unforgettable journey to the Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences. Their mission was to delve into the world of cutting-edge research and gain invaluable real-world insights.
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ROBUSTA | Robust Laser Automation scientific-technical symposium

Wed, 12/07/2023 - 10:18
The HiLASE Centre (FZU) cordially invites you to the scientific-technical symposium ROBUSTA | Robust Laser Automation.
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Introducing 3S – Smart & Safe Solutions for laser systems and applications

Wed, 12/07/2023 - 09:07
New application area of the HiLASE Centre!
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EKSMA Optics is the winner of LIDT Challenge 2023

Thu, 29/06/2023 - 20:00
We are happy to announce the winner of the HiLASE Laser Induced Damage Threshold Challenge organised by the HiLASE Centre in cooperation with the Evident company. This year, we have tested laser windows equipped with anti-reflective coatings on both sides. Of all the anonymised samples tested at the HiLASE Centre ISO certified LIDT laboratory, the AR window with a value of 0,6 J/cm2 performed the best. We were proud to hand over the award to the representative of EKSMA Optics on Wednesday 28 June at the Laser Technologies workshop of the Czech Optical Cluster at the Laser World of Photonics, Munich.
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Faraday isolator for 100J/10Hz pulsed laser

Fri, 23/06/2023 - 20:00
We are proud to announce that the team of the HiLASE Centre has just published a paper entitled “Faraday isolator for 100J/10Hz pulsed laser” in the Optics Letters journal. In the article, the authors Ondřej Slezák, David Vojna, Jan Pilař, Martin Divoký, Ondřej Denk, Martin Hanuš, Petr Navrátil, Martin Smrž, Antonio Lucianetti and Tomáš Mocek report on the first-ever demonstration of the optical isolation of a kilowatt average power large aperture high energy pulsed laser! The story behind this article is as follows.
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Dvořák Lecture by Marko Topič

Thu, 15/06/2023 - 21:21
In the quest for a sustainable and decarbonized future, renewable energy sources have emerged as the key pillars of modern energy systems. Solar photovoltaic offers a vision of a world powered by 100% renewable electricity, where access to electricity is universal. It plays a vital role in meeting various energy demands, from communication and transportation to heating and synthetic fuels. Marko Topič's lecture covered several topics related to solar cells and photovoltaics.
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Tau lepton mass

Thu, 15/06/2023 - 15:00
Dear colleagues, we would like to invite you to the seminar of Division of Elementary Particle Physics of Institute of Physics, presented by Dr. Radek Žlebčík. For more info, please see invitation.
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Miloš Lokajíček Jr.

Thu, 15/06/2023 - 06:07
Our friend and colleague, Miloš Lokajíček, PhD, CSc., long-standing staff member of the Division of Elementary Particle Physics at the Institute of Physics of the CAS, passed away at the age of 70 on Wednesday, June 14th. Miloš was involved in almost all the key experiments in which we participated and contributed significantly to them, especially in the field of acquisition and processing of experimental data.
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First in the Czech Republic: Helena Reichlová opens Dioscuri centre

Fri, 09/06/2023 - 06:03
Solid state physicist Helena Reichlová will establish the Dioscuri Centre for Spin Caloritronics and Magnonics at the Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences from 1 October 2023. She will look for ways to reduce the exponentially increasing energy consumption in the information technology sector of the future.
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Going Non-Linear: Contrasting LCDM with the internal properties of galaxies

Thu, 08/06/2023 - 16:01
Abstract: The Lambda Cold Dark Matter (LCDM) paradigm has been spectacularly successful at reproducing observations of the cosmic microwave background and of the large-scale structure of the Universe. On these scales, the structures contrasted with the theory are in the linear or mildly non-linear regime, where observations are well established and theoretical predictions are robust. LCDM also makes specific predictions in the non-linear regime; in particular, for the evolution, abundance, structure, and substructure of dark matter halos, the sites of galaxy formation. On these non-linear scales a number of potential challenges to LCDM have been identified when confronting the observed internal structure of galaxies with LCDM expectations. I plan to review briefly the status of these challenges and to discuss whether they signal a potential breakdown of the LCDM paradigm or just reflect our incomplete understanding of the complex process of galaxy formation.    The seminar will be held in the SOLID21 lecture hall in the SOLID21 building of the Institute of Physics, Na Slovance 2, Prague 8 on the ground floor. Location: The seminar will be also available via ZOOM video conference system: Meeting ID: 674 9629 6646 Passcode: 575511  
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