Doktorské studium

The Joint Laboratory of Optics co-guarantees doctoral study programs Applied Physics and Nanotechnology.

Doctoral program Applied Physics

Program description

The PhD study program Applied Physics is scientifically orientated. It aims at material physics, applied quantum and nonlinear optics, particle physics and astrophysics, nuclear spectroscopic methods, optical technologies and modelling and simulations. Material physics mainly involves physical methods of material preparation and analysis of physical properties of materials. Optical and mechanical properties of materials, surfaces of layered structures and their interfaces are studied. In the area of quantum and nonlinear optics, methods of generation and detection of non-classical states of light, applications of quantum correlations and entanglement in metrology, imaging and quantum information processing are addressed. Special attention is devoted to the process of parametric down-conversion and investigations of properties of weak and strong optical fields composed of photon pairs. In the area of particle physics and astrophysics, the PhD study aims at production and analysis of properties of heavy particles, especially top quark, in ATLAS experiment at CERN labs. Attention is devoted to the physics of elastic and diffraction protons with sub-detectors ALFA and AFP, at whose operation, simulation as well as development the involved departments participate. In the area of astrophysics, the PhD program consists of the study of cosmic radiation and building of experimental components and devices for astrophysical observatories in the framework of international collaborations. Data acquired by these detectors are analysed. Topics related to international collaborations Pierre Auger Observatory and Cherenkov Telescope Array are solved in cooperation with Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences. In the area of nuclear spectroscopic methods, the Mossbauer spectroscopy is mainly studied with emphasis to detection of gamma radiation. Moreover, also special methods like spectroscopy of converted electrons of nuclear forward scattering of synchrotron radiation are studied. Also in-situ investigations of material properties using selected nuclear spectroscopic methods are discussed. New measurement devices and software for data analysis are developed. Creation and stability of super-heavy elements including development of suitable detectors is studied in cooperation with United Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) in Dubna (Russia). In the area of optical technologies, various optical methods for contactless 3D topography, involving optical topography methods, interferometric methods and methods based on optical speckle, are developed. Attention is paid to modelling and simulations of physical processes in the above discussed area of physics. Among others, quantum processes in nonlinear media including modern photonic sources are modelled.

Graduates‘ profile

The graduate has mastered deep theoretical knowledge and experimental experience in the focus of his PhD thesis. He is able to work independently, to design physical experiments, to process and evaluate measured data, to write research reports and scientific publications and to use modern software for analysis and presentation of measured data. Moreover, he is able to solve complex practical physical tasks including the development of experimental setup, and to design, analyse and interpret theoretical models.

Requirements for admission

Master`s degree in Physics or a related branch, which guarantees the appropriate knowledge for completion of PhD degree in Applied Physics. Successful admission procedure (in the form of an interview). The application can be submitted electronically.

Study plan

Students pass compulsory subject English for doctoral students and a stay at external scientific workplace (at least one months). Every students opts for at least three obligatory subjects, at least two of which must be related to the topic of the thesis. The students has pass examinations of these subjects and knowledge of the subjects related to the topic of the thesis is also checked during final state examination and defense of the thesis. Further obligatory subjects are related to teh publishing activities of the student, his pedagogical practice, project activities and other suitable related activities.

Obligatory subjects are divided to four branches according to the focus of the thesis:

Physics of materials and methods of their study

  1. Nuclear resonance methods of material study
  2. Diffraction and fluorescence methods of material study
  3. Modern microscopic methods
  4. Condensed matter physics
  5. Optical properties of materials
  6. Physics of surfaces
  7. Technology and characterization of thin layers and surfaces
  8. Low-temperature plasma
  9. Theory of signal and information
  10. Virtual instrumentation

Optical measurement methods and their applications

  1. Advanced classical optics
  2. Modern optical methods in metrology
  3. Modern optical imaging systems
  4. Lasers and their applications
  5. Modeling and image processing in physics

Quantum and nonlinear optics

  1. Nonlinear optics
  2. Quantum optics
  3. Detection of light
  4. Quantum information processing and quantum communications

Particle physics and astrophysics

  1. Standard model of the microworld: particles and interactions
  2. Relativistic quantum theory and quantum field theory
  3. Diffraction in particle physics
  4. Astroparticle physics and cosmology

List of theses topics offered by JLO supervisors

Topic: Optical detecting systems for cosmic radiation – selected questions 
Description: The topic is concentrated on the study of current optical detectors of cosmic radiation, participation in some of current international scientific projects of cosmic-ray research and participation at the research of new particular types of optical detectors of cosmic radiation, including participation in the scientific part of a related international collaboration.
Supervisor: prof. RNDr. Miroslav Hrabovský, DrSc.
Contact: kancelář 2.11 tel. 585 63 1501
Topic: Analysis of characteristics of parametric down-conversion 
Description: Simulation and testing of spontaneous parametric down-conversion, correlation measurement using photon-counting techniques as well as by classical intensity measurement.
Supervisor: doc. RNDr. Ondřej Haderka, Ph.D. / prof. RNDr. Jan Peřina, Ph.D.
Contact: kancelář 2.47/3.21 tel. 585 63 1511/1509
Topic: Photocount statistics and its measurement in nonlinear optical processes
Description: Theoretical models of photocount statistics arising in different nonlinear optical processes will be studied. Special attention will be paid to parametric processes. Characteristics of the obtained fields will be discussed with respect to measurement.
Supervisor: prof. RNDr. Jan Peřina, Ph.D.
Contact: kancelář 3.21 tel. 585 63 1509
Topic: Characteristics of parametric processes in nonlinear periodically-poled media
Description: Space beam properties. Study of efficiency of various processes. Optimization of generation of frequency down-conversion.
Supervisor: doc. RNDr. Jan Soubusta, Ph.D.
Contact: kancelář 3.23 tel. 585 63 1577
Topic: Quantum information processing with correlated photon pairs
Description: Arrangement, processing and detection of special light states of single photon level. An interference of the second and fourth order is utilized in the experiments
Supervisor: doc. RNDr. Jan Soubusta, Ph.D.
Contact: kancelář 3.23 tel. 585 63 1577
Topic: Testing modern materials using optical spectroscopic methods
Description: Measurement of absorbance, fluorescent and time-resolved fluorescent spectra of carbon, metal and metal-oxide nanostructures. Development of appropriate methods.
Supervisor: doc. RNDr. Jan Soubusta, Ph.D.
Contact: kancelář 2.47/3.23 tel. 585 63 1511/1577
Topic: Analysis of cosmic gamma ray events in the CTA experiment
Description: The Cherenkov Telescope Array Observatory (CTAO or CTA) is going to be the largest and technically most advanced ground-based facility for detection of high-energy cosmic gamma rays. CTA will be located at both the southern and norther hemisphere. Both locations will be equipped with three types of telescopes covering three ranges of energies of the incoming gamma photons. The ultimate sensitivity will span energies from 20 GeV to 100 TeV. The detection principle is based on detection of Cherenkov light in the telescopes generated by charged particles traversing a medium with a speed greater than the actual speed of light in the given medium, i.e. in atmosphere. The charged particles are created in cascades of interactions whose onset is the primary interaction of the incoming gamma photon with atoms in the atmosphere. The envisaged work is supposed to cover the tasks of analysis and interpretation of the measured data. The primary task of CTA is to measure the energy spectrum and distribution sources of the gamma photons.
Supervisor: RNDr. Karel Černý, Ph.D.
Topic: Damage of materials induced by nanosecond particle bunches
Description: Laser-driven particle-acceleration experiments produce high luminosity particle bunches of nanosecond lengths. The aim of the thesis is to inspect mechanisms of damage induced in materials due to the interaction with such a short-time bunched particles.
Supervisor: prof. Jan Řídký, DrSc.
Topic: Quantum correlations in multi-mode optical fields generated in the process of spontaneous parametric down-conversion
Description: Quantum correlations in photon numbers of multi-mode optical fields originating in the process of spontaneous parametric down-conversion, that generates photons in pairs, and prepared by further manipulations (e.g. postselection) will be studied. Quantification of the quantumness of such correlations, striking features of these correlations as they exhibit in physically interesting quantities and their application potential will be addressed. Theoretical models appropriate for these fields will be developed and compared witht he experimental data, This will allow us to determie the practical potential of these fields in various applications including metrology. The topic may be extended to include the experimental part.
Supervisor: prof. Jan Peřina ml.
Consultant: prof. Ondřej Haderka
Contact: tel. 585631509,e-mail:
Topic: Noclassical properties of simple PT-symmetric quantum systems described using methods of quantum statistical physics
Description: Simple quantum PT-symmetric and generalized systems like two- and more-level atoms and multi-mode optical bosonic systems will be studied from the point of view of their nonclassical properties. The analyzed systems will be described by Liouvillians and attention will be paid to their asymptotic behavior. Exceptional points are the striking features of PT-symmetric systems. At these points, the system behavior qualitatively changes, which may be used, e.g., for increasing sensitivity of quantum measurements. We will identify the exceptional points of analyzed systems including their degeneracies and study the behavior of system nonclassicality close to these points. We will look for suitable applications that expoint the striking properties of the analyzed systems.
Supervisor: prof. Jan Peřina ml.
Contact: tel. 585631509,e-mail:
Topic: Exclusive processes as a road to New Physics
Description: Standard model is extremely successful in describing interactions of elementary particles, nevertheless there are areas that it is not able to explain, that's what we call New Physics. Signals of New Physics are also seen in the so-called exclusive processes. They occur scarcely nevertheless background to them is well under control. The student will get familiar with forward and diffraction physics at large experiments on large colliders of particles, and also with detection techniques and generating artificial (Monte Carlo) events. Emphasis on the former or latter will be decided upon with the supervisor. Stays at CERN are foreseen.
Supervisor: Mgr. Marek Taševský, PhD. DSc.
Consultant: RNDr. Karel Černý, PhD.
Contact:, 266 05 2668
Topic: Experimental physics, thin film deposition
Description: The content of the topic is the study of physical processes in plasma using various selected experimental physical methods. These measurements will be performed in reactive low-temperature plasma, which is intended for the deposition process of various selected types of thin films with defined physical properties. As the main diagnostic systems for measuring plasma parameters, systems that are not affected by being covered with a thin semiconductor or electrically insulating thin film will be chosen. Also, the studied reactive plasma will not be time constant, but will be time variable or pulsed. Therefore, high-frequency measurement methods with time resolution will mostly be used. The aim will be to understand the physical processes in the plasma using the mentioned experimental methods and their influence on the parameters of the resulting deposited thin films.
Supervisor: RNDr. Zdeněk Hubička, Ph.D.
Contact: hubič,