Quantum and nonlinear optics

In the area of quantum and nonlinear optics, mainly the topics related to generation, transmission, detection, and quantum processing of information are treated, using the fields of photon pairs obtained by parametric downconversion as the main tool.

Several proposals of novel sources of photon pairs based on various photonic structures have been published, including randomly poled nonlinear crystals (Opt. Express 2010, 18, 27130), Bragg reflection waveguides (Opt. Express 2011, 19, 3115), ring-fibers (Opt. Express 2014, 22, 23743), or metal-dielectric structures (Phys. Rev. A 2014, 90, 043844). Such sources offer substantial advantages over traditional sources based on bulk nonlinear crystals, usable, e.g., in future metrological and quantum-information schemes. Besides higher compactness and better intensity-to-volume ratio, they may yield paired fields with extremely broad spectra, high-dimension entanglement, or pairs entangled in multiple quantities including orbital angular momentum. Some of the proposed sources have been experimentally constructed and tested. In this area works have been done in close cooperation with the Institute of Photonic Sciences, ICFO, Barcelona, Spain. We have also intensively treated traditional sources of photon pairs based on bulk LiIO3 or BBO crystals (Phys. Rev. A 71 2005, 71, 33815; J. Opt. B-Quantum Semicl. Opt. 2005, 7, S572 - S576). We have also described the generation of photon pairs on the boundary of different nonlinear media (Phys. Rev. Lett. 2009, 103, 63902).

In the area of quantum information processing, main effort has been exerted on design and construction of elements for manipulation of quantum states based on linear optics. These include controlled phase gate (Phys. Rev. Lett. 2011, 106, 013602; Phys. Rev. Lett. 2015, 114, 153602), entangling efficiency of quantum gates (Phys. Rev. A 2012, 86, 032321), cloning of quantum bits (Phys. Rev. A 2012, 85, 050307) and cloning-based eavesdropping on quantum channels (Phys. Rev. Lett. 2013, 110, 173601), quantum routing (Phys. Rev. A 2013, 87, 062333) and amplification of quantum bits (Phys. Rev. A 2013, 87, 012327), or quantum teleportation (Phys. Rev. Lett. 2019, 122, 170501). The effects of the environment on the transmission of quantum states have also been investigated (Phys. Rev. A 2012, 85, 063807). Most of these schemes have been experimentally realized in our laboratories. They may constitute elements of future quantum communication networks. Some of these works have been realized in cooperation with Adam Mickewicz University, Poznan, Poland, and other Polish workplaces (Wroclaw, Zielona Gora).

In the area of detection, approaches employing intensified CCD cameras have been developed to gain a general tool for investigation of photon-number, spatial and spectral correlations in the fields of photons pairs. These were used to investigate in detail the correlations of twin-photons from the process of parametric downconversion both at the single-photon level (Phys. Rev. A 2010, 81, 043827; Phys. Rev. A 2012, 85, 023816) and at the level of strong fields (Opt. Express2014, 22, 13374). In strong field processes we have contributed to understanding of their dynamics (Sci. Rep. 2016, 6, 22320; Phys. Rev. A 2020, 101, 63841) and propagation (Sci. Rep. 2015, 5, 14365). Using the photon-number entanglement, a method for calibration of quantum detection efficiency without the need of any radiation standard has been developed (Opt. Lett. 2012, 37, 2475) and later extended to detectors with analog output (Appl. Phys. Lett. 2014, 104, 041113) and to obtain the whole spectral calibration curve (J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2014, 31, B1). Efficient preparation of nonclassical states of light by postselection from photon pairs has also been presented (Opt. Express 2013, 21, 19387; Phys. Rev. A 2013, 88, 062304). Some of these works have been performed in cooperation with University of Insubria, Como, Italy.

We devote considerable attention to detection and quantification of entanglement. Using Bell-type measurement we construct the entanglement witnesses (Phys. Rev. A 2016, 94, 52334). We have derived a series of nonclassicality indicators of optical fields based on intensity moments (Opt. Express 2016, 24, 29496) and probabilities of elements of photocount distributions (Phys. Rev. A 2020, 102, 43713), or their combinations (Phys. Rev. A 2022, 105, 13706).

We also treat quantum entanglement in multi-partite states. We have experimentally tested the nonlocality of Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger states (Phys. Rev. A 2020, 101, 52109) and generated fields with nontrivial photon-number statistics (Opt. Express 2021, 29, 29704; Phys. Rev. A 2021, 104, 13712).

Recently we started to employ the methods of machine learning in quantum optics, e.g., to optimize the entanglement witnesses (Phys. Rev. Appl. 2021, 15, 54006), to train quantum gates (Opt. Express 2019, 27, 32454), or to quantify the nonclassicality of paired optical fields.

In broad international collaboration we also treat non-Hermitian quantum systems (Quantum 2022, 6, 883; Nat. Commun.2023, 14, 2076) and Raman scattering (Opt. Commun. 2019, 444, 111).

Latest publications of the group

  • Roik, J; Bartkiewicz, K; Cernoch, A; Lemr, K: Routing in quantum communication networks using reinforcement machine learning, Quantum Inf. Process. 23 (3) 89 (2024).
  • Krepelka, J; Schovánek, P; Tucek, P; Hrabovsky, M; Jáne, F: Optimization of Component Assembly in Automotive Industry, Meas. Sci. Rev. 24 (1) , 36 - 41 (2024).
  • Thapliyal, K; Perina, J Jr; Haderka, O; Michálek, V; Machulka, R: Experimental characterization of multimode photon-subtracted twin beams, Phys. Rev. Res. 6 (1) 13065 (2024).
  • Kadlec, J; Bartkiewicz, K; Cernoch, A; Lemr, K; Miranowicz, A: Experimental hierarchy of the nonclassicality of single-qubit states via potentials for entanglement, steering, and Bell nonlocality, Opt. Express 32 (2) , 2333 - 2346 (2024).
  • Halim, AA et al. (Chytka, L.; Horvath, P.; Hrabovsky, M., Michal, S.; Nozka, L.; Vaclavek, L.; Vacula, M.; Hamal, P.; Jilek, V.; Mandat, D.; Palatka, M.; Pech, M.; Schovanek, P. Svozilikova, Z.): Radio measurements of the depth of air-shower maximum at the Pierre Auger Observatory, Phys. Rev. D 109 (2) 22002 (2024).

Group of quantum and nonlinear optics

Name Role Room Phone (++420 58 563 ...) ORCID Researcher IDsort descending
Mgr. Kateřina Jiráková Ph.D. researcher 302 4158 0000-0002-9429-4024
Ing. Jaromír Křepelka CSc. researcher / journal editor 242 1516 0000-0003-0684-0775
Mgr. Radek Machulka Ph.D. researcher 320 1692, 1558, 1543 0000-0002-8749-1185
Mgr. Josef Kadlec Ph.D. student 310 1583 0000-0002-6438-5443
Mgr. Jiří Hůsek Ph.D. student 310 1583
Mgr. Vojtěch Trávníček Ph.D. researcher 302 4158 0000-0001-7267-5603
RNDr. Antonín Lukš researcher 313 4285 0000-0002-2497-5457
Mgr. Ievgen Arkhipov Ph.D. researcher 309 1557 0000-0001-6547-8855 A-9602-2017
Kishore Thapliyal Ph.D. researcher 316 1536 0000-0002-4477-6041 AAH-3564-2019
doc. RNDr. Jan Soubusta Ph.D. researcher 323 1509 0000-0002-5867-4919 G-4875-2013
doc. Karel Lemr Ph.D. researcher 322 1547, 1541 0000-0003-4371-3716 G-5641-2014
prof. RNDr. Jan Peřina DrSc. researcher 212 4264 0000-0002-8175-292X G-5700-2014
prof. RNDr. Jan Peřina Ph.D. researcher / head of the group 321 1509 0000-0003-0542-7508 G-5700-2014
Ing. Bc. Václav Michálek Ph.D. researcher 312 1510, 1543, 1558 0000-0003-2569-9471 G-5956-2014
doc. Mgr. Antonín Černoch Ph.D. researcher 322 1549, 1541 0000-0001-6331-286X G-5971-2014
prof. RNDr. Ondřej Haderka Ph.D. researcher / head of the laboratory 246 1511 0000-0002-6587-4812 G-6313-2014

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